Check Dedicated Server Specifications | check raid

This post explains few quick linux commands to check server specifications. I tried to explain every command output in this post as follows:

Check SSD

# cat /sys/block/sda/queue/rotational

if above commnad returns 1 it means HDD else if it returns 0 then it is SSD.


Check RAM

# cat /proc/meminfo

MemTotal: 131778740 kB

Above command returns huge list of outputs, however you can ignore all and should focus on 1st line which tells about total Memory. You can convert KBs to MBs at google in order to get values in MBs.

Read More

Remove IPtables rules from rescue system

Hey, this article explains how you can remove IPtables rules if they are blocking access to the server. This usually happens if you wrongly configured IPtables or got any port blocked mistakenly like SSH port. Following the below steps to get it fixed.

Operating System : These steps are tested on Centos 6, however not tested on other operating systems.


  1. Boot your server into rescue system. (If you cannot boot it you can ask your server provider to do this for you.)
  2. Login to rescue system via SSH and then:
    1. List hard disk partitions:
      1. run:
      2. # fdisk -l
      3. Output will be like:
      4. Device    Boot     Start       End    Blocks  Id System/dev/sda1 *         2048   1026047    512000  83 Linux/dev/sda2        1026048 234436607 116705280  8e Linux LVM/dev/sda3      234436608 234440703      2048  83 LinuxDisk /dev/mapper/vg-root: 102.6 GiB, 110125645824 bytes, 215089152 sectorsUnits: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytesSector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytesI/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytesDisk /dev/mapper/vg-tmp: 1 GiB, 1073741824 bytes, 2097152 sectorsUnits: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytesSector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytesI/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
      5. This is your root partition : Disk /dev/mapper/vg-root: 102.6 GiB
      6. Now mount this partition on /mnt point:
        # mount /dev/mapper/vg-root /mnt
      7. Nothing will be shown if above command succeeds.
      8. Now navigate to the sysconfig directory where iptables rules are saved:
        # cd /mnt/etc/sysconfig
      9. There is file called iptables which stores all the iptables rules. You just have to rename it:
        # mv iptables iptables-old
        # mv
      10. Now you have changed iptables rules and ready to reboot your system into original operating system, but you need to unmount the partition as follows:
      11. # cd
      12. Read More

Switching between litespeed and apache from ssh | switch from litespeed

Today i will tell you the ssh command to switch between apache and litespeed web servers. You must have litespeed installed on the server.

This command is useful when you have apache and litespeed installed and your cPanel license is no more operational or expired. You can still swtich between web servers by executing this command via terminal/ssh.


Login to your server with root access via ssh terminal and run followimg ssh command:

To switch from litespeed to apache:

sh /usr/local/lsws/admin/misc/ apache

To switch from apache to litespeed:

sh /usr/local/lsws/admin/misc/ lsws

Please note you should write correct path of your litespeed installation directory.

DDOS attacks from amazon servers

Well today one of our client server had worst ddos attack against server main IP. While analyzing i found it is coming from amazon hacked servers. As amazon is offering free ec2 servers for 1 year so some of people don’t care about it after getting it as free. They do not use it and forget it after getting it. These servers are easy to get hacked and then can be used to attack other servers by hackers.

Here is the quick solution for linux centos 7 to deal with these attacks:

1. Access your server from ssh, you can use putty

2. Once you logged in with root access you have to install network monitoring tool, i found Trafshow tool very help full to see what IPs are attacking.

3. Install it with :

yum install trafshow -y

if you get nothing found error, just install epel-release repo by executing following command:

yum install epel-release -y

4. Once you install Trafshow, now you are ready to check incoming requests from IPs. Run following below command:

trafshow -i eth0 tcp

where eth0 is network card, you need to change it with your network interface. if you’re not sure about network interface, run following command:


It will return all the interfaces.

5. Once you run command trafshow -i eht0 tcp it will display all the connections with IPs. Here you can block them by various techniques. One is to add these IPs in config Server Firewall.

6. Here is the list of amazon IPs:

Read More

Change directories and files permissions from ssh

Here are the commands to change directories permission recursively to 755 and files permissions to 644 recursively:

To change directories/folders permissions to 755:

$ find /opt/lampp/htdocs -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \;

To change files permissions to 644:

$ find /opt/lampp/htdocs -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \;

Where, /opt/lampp/htdocs is the location of directory. You can use “.” without quotes to scan and change under current directory/folder.